Urinary System Anatomy in Hindi

Urinary System Anatomy in Hindi

Urinary System Anatomy in Hindi

The urinary system, also known as the renal system, is a crucial part of the human body responsible for filtering waste products and maintaining fluid balance. It consists of several organs that work together to produce, store, and eliminate urine.

Urinary System, जिसे रेनल सिस्टम के रूप में भी जाना जाता है, मानव शरीर का एक महत्वपूर्ण हिस्सा है जो waste के उत्पादों को छानने और तरल प्रतिस्थापन बनाए रखने के लिए जिम्मेदार होता है। यह कई organs से मिलकर Filtration, collection और waste को eliminate करने का कार्य करता है।

Kidneys:

The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs located in the back of the abdominal cavity. They filter waste products, excess water, and electrolytes from the blood to produce urine. The kidneys also play a vital role in regulating blood pressure and the production of red blood cells.

Blood से waste के उत्पाद, अतिरिक्त पानी और इलेक्ट्रोलाइट को छानकर मूत्र बनाते हैं। किडनी भी रक्तचाप नियंत्रण और लाल रक्त कोशिकाओं का उत्पादन करने में महत्वपूर्ण भूमिका निभाती हैं।

Ureters:

Ureters are narrow tubes that connect the kidneys to the bladder. They transport urine from the kidneys to the bladder for storage.

मूत्रवाहिनी संकीर्ण नलिकाएं होती हैं जो किडनी को मूत्राशय से जोड़ती हैं। वे भंडारण के लिए मूत्र को गुर्दे से मूत्राशय तक ले जाते हैं।

Bladder:

The bladder is a muscular sac located in the lower abdomen. It serves as a temporary reservoir for urine. When the bladder fills up, it signals the need for urination.

मूत्राशय निचले पेट में स्थित एक मांसपेशीय थैली है। यह मूत्र के लिए एक अस्थायी भंडार के रूप में कार्य करता है। जब मूत्राशय भर जाता है, तो यह पेशाब की आवश्यकता का संकेत देता है।

Urethra:

The urethra is a tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside of the body. In males, it also serves as a passage for semen during ejaculation.

मूत्रमार्ग एक नली है जो मूत्र को मूत्राशय से शरीर के बाहर तक ले जाती है। पुरुषों में, यह स्खलन के दौरान वीर्य के लिए एक मार्ग के रूप में भी कार्य करता है।

The urinary system performs several important functions:

Waste Removal:

 The kidneys filter metabolic waste products, toxins, and excess substances (such as water, electrolytes, and ions) from the bloodstream to create urine, which is then eliminated from the body.

Fluid Balance: 

The urinary system helps regulate the body’s fluid balance by controlling the amount of water and electrolytes excreted in the urine. This balance is crucial for maintaining proper hydration and blood pressure.

Acid-Base Balance:

 The kidneys play a significant role in maintaining the body’s pH balance by controlling the excretion of hydrogen ions and bicarbonate ions. This helps regulate the overall acidity or alkalinity of the body fluids. Blood Pressure Regulation: The kidneys produce a hormone called renin, which plays a role in regulating blood pressure. Renin helps control the constriction and relaxation of blood vessels, influencing blood flow and blood pressure levels

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